Document Detail

Serial analysis of serum cardiac troponin I changes and correlation with clinical findings in 46 dogs with mitral valve disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24612252     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Cardiac troponin I (cTnI) is a biomarker correlated with the severity of myocardial injury. It is hypothesized that serial assessment of cTnI could provide information about the disease progression in chronic heart failure.
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to correlate serial serum cTnI concentrations with clinical scoring and select diagnostic imaging findings in dogs managed for mitral valve degeneration (MVD) for a period of 6 months.
METHODS: Client-owned dogs with MVD were prospectively recruited for the study. The dogs were allocated into 3 groups (I, II, III) according to the severity of their clinical signs based on the classification suggested by the International Small Animal Cardiac Health Council. During the 6-month study period, serum specimens for biochemical testing were obtained biweekly, clinical progression and response to treatment were also evaluated biweekly, and radiographic reevaluation was performed every 2 months.
RESULTS: A total of 46 dogs were evaluated. There was a marked decrease in cTnI values during the first 2 weeks after initial diagnosis, more pronounced in group III, and corresponding to the initiation of therapy and clinical stabilization of animals. Serum cTnI was significantly different (P < .05) among the 3 dog groups throughout the study period. The interaction between Group and Period was significant in group III, indicating an upward cTnI trend evident in severely affected animals. A positive correlation was demonstrated in all groups between serum cTnI and clinical scoring.
CONCLUSION: Long-term management of MVD in dogs could benefit from the serial measurement of cTnI.
Zoe S Polizopoulou; Christos K Koutinas; Anastasia Dasopoulou; Michael Patsikas; Malcolm York; Ian Roman; Mitul Gandhi; Sonal Patel; Alexander F Koutinas; Peter J O'Brien
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-2-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Veterinary clinical pathology / American Society for Veterinary Clinical Pathology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1939-165X     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet Clin Pathol     Publication Date:  2014 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-3-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9880575     Medline TA:  Vet Clin Pathol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2014 American Society for Veterinary Clinical Pathology and European Society for Veterinary Clinical Pathology.
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