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Serial Doppler Echocardiographic Assessment of Diastolic Dysfunction during Acute Myocardial Infarction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22897712     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Objectives: We performed serial Doppler echocardiography in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) to describe the temporal changes in Doppler parameters following STEMI. Background: Data on comprehensive Doppler assessment of diastolic dysfunction following STEMI, incorporating tissue Doppler imaging (TDI), are lacking. Severe diastolic dysfunction in stable patients usually manifests as a restrictive mitral filling pattern (RFP), reduced TDI-derived annular velocities (E'), and elevated E/E' ratios >15. Methods: Twenty-eight patients (19 males, mean age 60 ± 10 years) with a first-ever STEMI who underwent PCI were prospectively assessed with echocardiography and invasive left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) measurements prior to PCI. Repeat echocardiograms were performed at day 3 and 12 months. Results: During STEMI: (i) LVEDP was significantly elevated but decreased post revascularization (26.1 ± 6.2 vs. 20.8 ± 5.2 mmHg, P = 0.002); (ii) the predominant mitral inflow pattern was an abnormal relaxation pattern (n = 14 [50%]), whereas restrictive filling pattern was only observed in seven (25%) patients; (iii) E' velocities were only modestly reduced (septal E' 7.4 ± 2.2 cm/sec, lateral E' 9.6 ± 2.2 cm/sec), and (iv) a septal E/E'ratio >15 seen in only one patient, whereas all other patients had an E/E' ratio of 8-15. Serial TDI showed that E'velocity decreased at day 3 (septal E' 7.4 ± 2.1 cm/sec vs. 5.9 ± 1.6 cm/sec, P = 0.002) and remained reduced at 1 year follow-up, suggesting persistence of diastolic dysfunction. Conclusions: During STEMI, contrary to findings in stable patients, the predominant Doppler manifestation of the severe diastolic dysfunction and elevated LVEDP was an abnormal relaxation mitral inflow pattern accompanied by E/E' ratios of 8-15. Serial Doppler assessment suggests incomplete diastolic recovery following STEMI.
Authors:
Sandhir B Prasad; Valerie See; Timothy Tan; Paula Brown; Tania McKay; Pramesh Kovoor; Liza Thomas
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Echocardiography (Mount Kisco, N.Y.)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1540-8175     ISO Abbreviation:  Echocardiography     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8511187     Medline TA:  Echocardiography     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiology, Westmead Hospital, Westmead, Sydney, Australia.
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