Document Detail


Sequential feeding can increase activity and improve gait score in meat-type chickens.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12512569     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study investigated the short- and long-term effects of sequential feeding by alternating low-and high-lysine diets during the day on growth, gait score (GS), and behavior in broilers. From Days 2 to 12, 6 pens of 10 birds were assigned to control treatment and fed a standard normal lysine diet (NL) (ME = 3,250 kcal/kg, CP = 23%, Lys = 1.19%) and six pens of 10 birds were assigned to the sequential treatment and fed a low-lysine diet (LL) (Lys = 0.85%) for half of the day and NL for the other half of the day. From Days 13 to 21, all groups were fed NL, and from Days 21 to 42, they were fed a grower diet. Sequential (S) chicks were lighter than Control chicks at Days 13 (304 +/- 6 vs. 378 +/- 7 g) and 42 (2,588 +/- 31 vs. 2,714 +/- 10 g) and had better leg condition at Day 42 (mean GS = 1.6 +/- 0.1 vs. 2.1 +/- 0.1, P < or = 0.05). During a day of S feeding, S birds ate less and wasted more LL than NL. Sequential birds spent less time standing and more time lying idle when fed LL than when fed NL. Sequential birds spent more time eating than Control birds, and they gradually increased the number of pecks in the litter during a sequential feeding day. The results suggest a major effect of food composition on behavior. Sequential feeding could be a means of decreasing leg problems in broilers.
Authors:
D Bizeray; C Leterrier; P Constantin; M Picard; J M Faure
Related Documents :
18679899 - The effect of cold and dietary energy on right ventricular hypertrophy, right ventricul...
10404679 - Dietary fat and protein interactions in the broiler.
21881959 - Intergroup variation in stable isotope ratios reflects anthropogenic impact on the barb...
17620179 - Acquisition of immunity to eimeria maxima in newly hatched chickens reared on new or re...
7260689 - Compensatory growth and sexual maturity in broiler females reared under severe food res...
7329919 - Avian gout caused by oosporein, a mycotoxin produced by caetomium trilaterale.
9710659 - Medical nutrition therapy lowers serum cholesterol and saves medication costs in men wi...
8071189 - Feed intake and apparent digestibility of hay-supplemented brassica diets for lambs.
3759709 - Equine energetics. i. relationship between body weight and energy requirements in horses.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Poultry science     Volume:  81     ISSN:  0032-5791     ISO Abbreviation:  Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  2002 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-01-06     Completed Date:  2003-03-04     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401150     Medline TA:  Poult Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1798-806     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Station de Recherches Avicoles, INRA de Tours, 37380 Nouzilly, France.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Behavior, Animal
Body Weight
Bone and Bones / anatomy & histology
Chickens / physiology*
Diet*
Eating
Gait*
Lameness, Animal
Lysine / administration & dosage*
Male
Motor Activity
Photoperiod
Time Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
56-87-1/Lysine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Effect of physical feed restriction during rearing on Large White turkey breeder hens: 3. Body and c...
Next Document:  Effects of the tricothecene mycotoxin diacetoxyscirpenol on egg production of broiler breeders.