Document Detail

Septicaemia in an Austrian neonatal intensive care unit: a 7-year analysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9825974     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The results of blood cultures and clinical data of 101 neonates with 110 episodes of septicaemia during a 7-y study period were reviewed. The overall incidence of culture-proven sepsis within the study period was 6.0 per 100 neonatal intensive care unit admissions and the mortality rate was 14%. Three groups of pathogens accounted for 70% of all isolates: coagulase-negative staphylococci (27%), aerobic Gram-negative rods (24%) and Enterococcus faecalis (19%). Group B streptococcus was the major pathogen of very early-onset septicaemia (within 24 h of birth), whereas late-onset infections were most commonly caused by coagulase-negative staphylococci. Birthweight <1500 g, gestational age <30 weeks of gestation and early onset of symptoms within the first week of life were associated with poor prognosis. In addition, the case fatality rate of episodes caused by Gram-negative organisms was significantly higher than that of Gram-positive bacteraemia.
A Berger; H R Salzer; M Weninger; B Sageder; C Aspöck
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992)     Volume:  87     ISSN:  0803-5253     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Paediatr.     Publication Date:  1998 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-01-14     Completed Date:  1999-01-14     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9205968     Medline TA:  Acta Paediatr     Country:  NORWAY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1066-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Neonatology, University Hospital, Vienna, Austria.
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MeSH Terms
Austria / epidemiology
Cross Infection / epidemiology*,  microbiology
Infant, Newborn
Intensive Care Units, Neonatal / statistics & numerical data*
Population Surveillance
Retrospective Studies
Sepsis / epidemiology*,  microbiology

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