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Septicaemia Due to Enteric Organisms is a Later Event in Surgical Infants Requiring Parenteral Nutrition.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22270963     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of this study was to determine whether, in surgical infants requiring parenteral nutrition (PN), septicaemia due to enterococci or Gram-negative bacilli occurs later than septicaemia due to coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS).We retrospectively studied 112 consecutive surgical infants (corrected gestational age up to 3 months) receiving PN for at least 5 days for congenital or acquired intestinal anomalies over a 2-year period (July 2007-June 2009). Data collected included diagnosis, duration of PN, episodes of septicaemia (defined as growth of bacteria from blood culture), and organisms cultured. We compared the time to first occurrence of septicaemia due to CNS with the times to first occurrence of septicaemia due to enterococci, Gram-negative bacilli, or other micro-organisms, using Kruskal-Wallis nonparametric ANOVA test and Dunn's multiple comparisons test. Data are given as median (range).31 patients (28%) had a total of 65 episodes of septicaemia. Septicaemia due to CNS was most common, occurring in 22% of patients, after 17 days (1-239) of PN. Septicaemia due to enteric organisms was less common and occurred significantly later, at 59 (24-103) days for enterococci (p<0.01), and at 55 (30-106) days for Gram-negative bacilli (p<0.05).Septicaemia due to enterococci or Gram-negative bacilli occurs later in the course of PN than septicaemia due to CNS, in surgical infants. This suggests that these infants become more vulnerable to the translocation of enteric micro-organisms after a longer period of parenteral nutrition.
Authors:
M Bishay; G Retrosi; V Horn; E Cloutman-Green; K Harris; P de Coppi; N Klein; S Eaton; A Pierro
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of pediatric surgery : official journal of Austrian Association of Pediatric Surgery ... [et al] = Zeitschrift fur Kinderchirurgie     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1439-359X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9105263     Medline TA:  Eur J Pediatr Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
Affiliation:
UCL Institute of Child Health, Department of Paediatric Surgery, London, United Kingdom.
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