Document Detail

Sensory and motor behaviors of infant siblings of children with and without autism.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22917122     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
We compared the sensory and motor behaviors of typically developing infants with those of infant siblings of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), who are considered high risk for the disorder, to explore potential sensory and motor markers for use in early diagnosis of ASD. We compared frequencies of sensory and motor behaviors during 10-min, videotaped, infant-mother play sessions and during 5 min of spoon-feeding between groups of 12-mo-old infants. Data from standardized measures of development, sensory processing, and behaviors commonly associated with ASD were also analyzed descriptively for the high-risk group. The results indicated that high-risk infants demonstrated fewer movement transitions (t [23] = -2.4, p = .03) and less object manipulation (t [23] = -2.4, p = .03) than low-risk infants. The sensory and motor differences found between typical and high-risk infants suggest that early screenings for ASD should include the examination of sensory and motor behaviors.
Shelley Mulligan; Barbara Prudhomme White
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of occupational therapy : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association     Volume:  66     ISSN:  1943-7676     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Occup Ther     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-08-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7705978     Medline TA:  Am J Occup Ther     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  556-66     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 by the American Occupational Therapy Association, Inc.
Shelley Mulligan, PhD, OTR/L, is Associate Professor and Chair, Department of Occupational Therapy, Hewitt Hall, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824;
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