Document Detail


Sensitivity and specificity of various digit span scores in the detection of suspect effort.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16393925     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Digit Span Age-Corrected Scaled Score (ACSS) and Reliable Digit Span (RDS) have been suggested as effective in assessing credibility. The purpose of this study was to confirm the efficacy of suggested cutoffs for ACSS and RDS and to explore the utility of other Digit Span variables in a large sample (N = 66) of "real-world" > or = suspect effort patients versus clinic patients with no motive to feign (N = 56) and controls (N = 32). With specificity at > or = 90%, sensitivity of ACSS increased from 32% to 42% when a < or = 5 cutoff was used instead of the recommended < or = 4. The RDS recommended cutoff of < or = 7 resulted in a sensitivity of 62% but with an unacceptably high false positive rate (23%); dropping the cutoff to < or = 6 raised the specificity to 93% but sensitivity fell to 45%. Cutoffs for other Digit Span scores did not exceed 45% sensitivity with the exception of 50% sensitivity (11% false positive rate) for average time per digit for all attempted items > 1.0 second. A criterion of ACSS < or = 5 or RDS < or = 6 was associated with 51% sensitivity (91% specificity) while RDS < or = 6 or longest string with at least one item correct < or = 4 was associated with 54% sensitivity (88% specificity). While only moderately sensitive, Digit Span scores, including new time variables, may have a unique and effective role in the detection of suspect effort.
Authors:
Talin Babikian; Kyle Brauer Boone; Po Lu; Ginger Arnold
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Validation Studies    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Clinical neuropsychologist     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1385-4046     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Neuropsychol     Publication Date:  2006 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-01-05     Completed Date:  2006-04-14     Revised Date:  2007-06-01    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8806548     Medline TA:  Clin Neuropsychol     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  145-59     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Cognition*
Disability Evaluation*
Female
Health Status
Humans
Male
Malingering / diagnosis*,  epidemiology
Middle Aged
Reproducibility of Results
Sensitivity and Specificity
Severity of Illness Index
Wechsler Scales*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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