Document Detail


Sensitivity of bronchoprovocation and tracheal mucous velocity in detecting airway responses to O3.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7451287     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study was undertaken to determine whether measurements of tracheal mucous velocity or airway reactivity to inhaled carbachol more sensitively detect airway effects of inhaled ozone (O3) in conscious sheep. Dose-response curves of mean pulmonary flow resistance (RL) to carbachol were obtained by measuring RL after five breaths of carbachol aerosol with stepwise increases in drug concentration. The animals then breathed 0.5 ppm O3 through an endotracheal tube for 2 h. The dose-response curves were repeated immediately after the 0.5 ppm O3 exposure and 24 h later. In the eight sheep studied, there were no significant alterations in base-line RL immediately after or 24 h after 0.5 ppm O3. Airway hyperreactivity was not apparent immediately after the sheep breathed 0.5 ppm O3, but it was evident 24 h later. In contrast, six sheep that breathed 0.5 ppm O3 in the same manner for 2 h did not show a significant depression in tracheal mucous velocity the same day or 24 h later. Exposure to 1 ppm O3 for 2 h resulted in airway hyperreactivity immediately after the exposure and elevated base-line RL 24 h later; 2 ppm O3 produced an increase in base-line RL immediately after exposure. We conclude that, in conscious sheep, airway hyperreactivity appears to be a more sensitive indicator of airway effects produced by short-term exposure to 0.5 ppm O3 than depression of tracheal mucous velocity.
Authors:
W M Abraham; A J Januszkiewicz; M Mingle; M Welker; A Wanner; M A Sackner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology: respiratory, environmental and exercise physiology     Volume:  48     ISSN:  0161-7567     ISO Abbreviation:  J Appl Physiol Respir Environ Exerc Physiol     Publication Date:  1980 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1981-03-24     Completed Date:  1981-03-24     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7801242     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol Respir Environ Exerc Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  789-93     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Airway Resistance / drug effects
Animals
Bronchi / drug effects
Bronchial Provocation Tests*
Carbachol / pharmacology
Female
Mucous Membrane / drug effects*
Ozone / pharmacology*
Pulmonary Ventilation
Sheep / physiology
Trachea / drug effects,  physiology
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HL-20989/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
10028-15-6/Ozone; 51-83-2/Carbachol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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