Document Detail


Semivolatile fluorinated organic compounds in Asian and western U.S. air masses.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18200847     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Semivolatile fluorinated organic compounds (FOCs) were measured in archived air sample extracts collected from Hedo Station Observatory (HSO) on Okinawa, Japan and Mount Bachelor Observatory (MBO), Oregon U.S. during the springs of 2004 (MBO and HSO) and 2006 (MBO). Fluorotelomer alcohols (FTOHs) were measured in both Asian and western U.S. air masses, though western U.S. air masses had significantly higher concentrations. Concentrations of fluorotelomer olefins in Asian air masses and 8:2 fluorotelomer acrylate in U.S. air masses were reported for the first time. N-ethyl perfluorooctane sulfonamide, N-methyl perfluorooctane sulfonamido ethanol, and N-ethyl perfluorooctane sulfonamido ethanol were also measured in Asian and western U.S. air masses but less frequently than FTOHs. The atmospheric sources and fate of FTOHs were investigated by estimating their atmospheric residence times, calculating FTOH concentration ratios, investigating FTOH correlations with nonfluorinated semivolatile organic compound concentrations, and determining air mass back trajectories. Estimated atmospheric residence times for 6:2 FTOH, 8:2 FTOH, and 10:2 FTOH were 50, 80, and 70 d, respectively, and the average concentration ratio of 6:2 FTOH to 8:2 FTOH to 10:2 FTOH at MBO in 2006 was 1.0 to 5.0 to 2.5. The relative order of these atmospheric residence times may explain the observed enhancement of 8:2 FTOH and 10:2 FTOH (relative to 6:2 FTOH) at MBO compared to North American indoor air (FTOH average ratio of 1.0 to 2.0 to 1.0). FTOH concentrations in western U.S. air masses were positively correlated (p < 0.05) with gas-phase polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon and polychlorinated biphenyl concentrations and negatively correlated (p < 0.05) with agricultural pesticide concentrations. In comparison to western U.S. air masses, trans-Pacific air masses did not contain elevated concentrations of these compounds, whereas lower boundary layer air masses that passed over urban areas of the western U.S. did. This suggests that semivolatile FOCs are emitted from urban areas in the western U.S.
Authors:
Arkadiusz M Piekarz; Toby Primbs; Jennifer A Field; Douglas F Barofsky; Staci Simonich
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental science & technology     Volume:  41     ISSN:  0013-936X     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Sci. Technol.     Publication Date:  2007 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-01-18     Completed Date:  2008-03-12     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0213155     Medline TA:  Environ Sci Technol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  8248-55     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Chemistry, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Air Pollutants / analysis*
Asia
Fluorine / chemistry*
Organic Chemicals / analysis*,  chemistry
United States
Volatilization
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
P30ES00210/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Air Pollutants; 0/Organic Chemicals; 7782-41-4/Fluorine

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