Document Detail

Semiquantitative evaluation of aortic regurgitation by Doppler echocardiography: effects of associated mitral stenosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2911967     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The accuracy of pulsed and continuous wave (CW) Doppler methods for evaluating aortic regurgitation (AR) was compared in patients with and without mitral stenosis (MS), with aortic root angiography as a gold standard. AR was diagnosed with pulsed Doppler echocardiography, by the detection of broad frequency spectral patterns in the isovolumic relaxation time. If these indications were present, AR was graded by examining the extent of diastolic turbulence in the left ventricular cavity (flow mapping method). With CW Doppler echocardiography, AR was diagnosed by the detection of a peak velocity of greater than 2 m/s; if this velocity was attained, AR was graded by measuring the time from the peak velocity to half the peak velocity (half-time method). The angiographic grade corresponded to that determined by the pulsed and CW Doppler methods in 37 and 37 of 46 patients without MS, respectively. Angiographic grade corresponded to the grade determined by the pulsed and CW Doppler methods in 13 and 17 of the 23 patients with MS, respectively. Eight of 10 discrepancies between pulsed Doppler and angiographic grades were due to overestimation of AR by the flow mapping method, apparently because the transmitral jet produces diastolic turbulence in the left ventricular cavity independent of AR. On the other hand, three of six discrepancies between CW Doppler and angiographic grades were due to the incapability of detecting signals of AR by CW Doppler echocardiography. Thus both the pulsed and the CW Doppler methods are useful to evaluate AR in patients without MS. In patients with MS, however, AR is most accurately diagnosed by the detection of AR signals in the isovolumic relaxation time by pulsed Doppler echocardiography, and the degree of AR is more accurately assessed by the CW Doppler half-time method.
T Masuyama; A Kitabatake; K Kodama; M Uematsu; S Nakatani; T Kamada
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American heart journal     Volume:  117     ISSN:  0002-8703     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. Heart J.     Publication Date:  1989 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-02-15     Completed Date:  1989-02-15     Revised Date:  2006-02-27    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370465     Medline TA:  Am Heart J     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  133-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Cardiovascular Division, Osaka Police Hospital, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Aortic Valve Insufficiency / complications,  diagnosis*,  radiography
Echocardiography, Doppler*
Heart / radiography
Middle Aged
Mitral Valve Insufficiency / complications
Mitral Valve Stenosis / complications*,  radiography

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