Document Detail

Semen hyperviscosity: causes, consequences, and cures .
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23276984     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
The prevalence of semen hyperviscosity (SHV) is estimated to be between 12-29% and can lead to male factor infertility both in vivo and in vitro. Semen is composed of fluids secreted by the male accessory glands, which contain proteins essential to the coagulation and liquefaction of semen. Hypofunction of the prostate or seminal vesicles causes abnormal viscosity of seminal fluid. Infection and high levels of seminal leukocytes may also result in the development of SHV. Oxidative stress and biochemical and genetic factors can furthermore contribute to this condition. Hyperviscosity can impair normal sperm movement in the female reproductive tract, and can lead to decreased sperm count. SHV is treated with a hypodermic needle, mucolytic enzymes, antibiotics and anti-inflammatory agents in certain cases. Further research is needed to better understand the contributors to SHV and the treatments that can be used for infertile males with hyperviscous semen.
Stefan Stephanus Du Plessis; Sheila Gokul; Ashok Agarwal
Related Documents :
23028994 - Pathogenicity of salmonella enterica in caenorhabditis elegans relies on disseminated o...
23570564 - How many sources should be cultured for the diagnosis of a blood stream infection in ch...
23959704 - Antibiotic prophylaxis for the prevention of methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureu...
23217624 - Snapshots: chromatin control of viral infection.
3959014 - A comparison of endogenous development of three isolates of cryptosporidium in suckling...
23221194 - Reduction of methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus infection among veterans in at...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2013-01-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Frontiers in bioscience (Elite edition)     Volume:  5     ISSN:  1945-0508     ISO Abbreviation:  Front Biosci (Elite Ed)     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-01     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101485240     Medline TA:  Front Biosci (Elite Ed)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  224-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
Center for Reproductive Medicine, The Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue,Cleveland, OH 44195, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  C-peptide in diabetes diagnosis and therapy .
Next Document:  Regenerative strategies for preserving and restoring cardiac function .