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Self-transcendence and nurse-patient interaction in cognitively intact nursing home patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23145515     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Aims and objectives.  The aim of this study was to test whether nurse-patient interaction affects cognitively intact nursing home patients' interpersonal and intrapersonal self-transcendence, as well as testing the psychometric properties of the Nurse-Patient Interaction Scale (NPIS). Background.  Self-transcendence is considered a spiritual developmental process of maturity in adulthood, and a vital resource of well-being at the end of life. The concept of self-transcendence has previously been explored in various populations, yet the nurse-patient interactions' potential influence on self-transcendence in nursing home patients has not been published previously. Design and methods.  A cross-sectional design employing the Self-Transcendence Scale and the NPIS was adopted. A sample of 202 cognitively well-functioning nursing home patients in Norway was selected. The statistical analyses were carried out using lisrel 8.8 and structural equation modelling. Results.  Structural equation modelling-analysis indicates statistical significant effect of nurse-patient interaction on the patients' self-transcendence. Direct influence on the intrapersonal and indirect influence on the interpersonal self-transcendence aspects was disclosed. Conclusion.  Nurse-patient interaction significantly affected both interpersonal and intrapersonal self-transcendence among cognitively intact nursing home patients. Hence, facilitating caring interventions can be significantly beneficial to older patients' self-transcendence and thereby well-being, both emotional and physical. Relevance to clinical practice.  Caring behaviour signifies the vital and ultimate qualitative nursing behaviour, which promotes self-transcendence and thereby well-being. These findings are important for clinical nursing that intends to increase patients' well-being.
Authors:
Gørill Haugan; Toril Rannestad; Brith Hanssen; Geir A Espnes
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical nursing     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1365-2702     ISO Abbreviation:  J Clin Nurs     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9207302     Medline TA:  J Clin Nurs     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  3429-3441     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Affiliation:
Authors:Gørill Haugan, MA, RN, Associate Professor and Research Fellow, Faculty of Nursing, Sør-Trøndelag University College, Trondheim and PhD Candidate, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim; Toril Rannestad, PhD, RN, Associate Professor, Sør-Trøndelag University College, Trondheim and Vice-Director, Research Centre for Health Promotion and Resources, HIST/NTNU, Trondheim; Brith Hanssen, RN, Assistant Professor, Sør-Trøndelag University College, Trondheim; Geir A Espnes, PhD, MPsych, RN, Professor, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim and Sør-Trøndelag University College, Trondheim and Director, Research Centre for Health Promotion and Resources, HIST/NTNU, Trondheim, Norway.
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