Document Detail

Self- and spouse ratings of anger and hostility as predictors of coronary heart disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8404804     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Self- and spouse ratings of anger and hostility were examined as predictors of coronary heart disease (CHD) in 185 cardiac patients. Patients completed the Multidimensional Anger Inventory (MAI) and the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability (MCSD) Scale; the MAI (rewritten to 3rd person) was completed by patients' spouses or by a peer. Thallium scans were used to measure CHD status. Results showed that patient-rated MAI scores were inversely correlated with MCSD. There were no gender differences for patient-rated MAI scores, but spouse ratings showed gender effects for Anger-Arousal and Hostile Outlook: Women rated their husband higher than men rated their wife. Patients with positive thallium scans were no different from those without CHD on patient-rated MAI scores; however, spouse ratings indicated that those with CHD had higher Hostile Outlook and Anger-In scores. After accounting for the effects of traditional CHD risk factors, only spouse-rated hostility contributed significant incremental variance to the prediction of CHD status.
R C Kneip; A M Delamater; T Ismond; C Milford; L Salvia; D Schwartz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association     Volume:  12     ISSN:  0278-6133     ISO Abbreviation:  Health Psychol     Publication Date:  1993 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-11-03     Completed Date:  1993-11-03     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8211523     Medline TA:  Health Psychol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  301-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Wayne State University.
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MeSH Terms
Coronary Disease / diagnosis,  epidemiology*
Marriage / psychology*
Middle Aged
Personality Inventory*
Risk Factors
Sex Factors
Social Desirability
Thallium Radioisotopes / diagnostic use
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Thallium Radioisotopes

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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