Document Detail

Self-reported seatbelt use, United States, 2002-2010: does prevalence vary by state and type of seatbelt law?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23206516     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PROBLEM: Motor-vehicle crashes are a leading cause of death in the United States. Seatbelts are highly effective in preventing serious injury and death in the event of a crash. Not all states have primary enforcement of seatbelt laws.
METHODS: Data from the 2002, 2006, 2008, and 2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System were used to calculate prevalence of seatbelt use by state and type of state seatbelt law (primary vs. secondary enforcement).
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Self-reported seatbelt use among adults in the United States increased steadily between 2002 and 2010, with the national prevalence reaching 87% in 2010. Overall, seatbelt use in 2010 was 9 percentage points higher in the states with primary enforcement laws than in the states with secondary enforcement laws (89% vs. 80%).
IMPACT ON INDUSTRY: Primary enforcement seatbelt laws and enhanced enforcement of seatbelt laws are proven strategies for increasing seatbelt use and reducing traffic fatalities.
Ruth A Shults; Laurie F Beck
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-10-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of safety research     Volume:  43     ISSN:  1879-1247     ISO Abbreviation:  J Safety Res     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-04     Completed Date:  2013-10-28     Revised Date:  2014-07-31    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1264241     Medline TA:  J Safety Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  417-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Published by Elsevier Ltd.
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MeSH Terms
Accidents, Traffic / mortality
Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
Law Enforcement
Middle Aged
Seat Belts / legislation & jurisprudence*,  utilization*
Self Report
United States / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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