Document Detail


Self-reported reproductive outcomes among male and female 1991 Gulf War era US military veterans.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16832610     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Following the 1991 Gulf War, some veterans expressed concerns regarding their reproductive health. Our objective was to assess whether an association exists between deployment to the 1991 Gulf War and self-reported adverse pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: Using a modified Dillman technique with telephone follow-up, we conducted a survey via a postal questionnaire from February 1996-August 1997 to compare selected reproductive outcomes among 10,000 US veterans deployed to the 1991 Gulf War with those of 10,000 nondeployed Gulf War era veterans. RESULTS: A total of 8742 individuals responded to the survey, a response rate of 51 percent. Using multivariable analyses, results showed no differences in number of reported pregnancies between Gulf War veterans and nondeployed veterans. Among 2233 female and 2159 male participants, there were no differences in birth weight of infants born to Gulf War veterans compared with nondeployed Gulf War era veterans. In multivariable models, male and female Gulf War veterans did not significantly differ in risk for ectopic pregnancies, stillbirths, or miscarriages when compared with nondeployed veterans of the same era. CONCLUSIONS: These results do not suggest an association between service in the 1991 Gulf War and adverse reproductive outcomes for both male and female veterans during the 4 years after the war.
Authors:
Timothy S Wells; Linda Z Wang; Christina N Spooner; Tyler C Smith; Katia M Hiliopoulos; Deborah R Kamens; Gregory C Gray; Paul A Sato
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.     Date:  2006-07-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Maternal and child health journal     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1092-7875     ISO Abbreviation:  Matern Child Health J     Publication Date:  2006 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-12-12     Completed Date:  2007-02-28     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9715672     Medline TA:  Matern Child Health J     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  501-10     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA, USA. Timothy.Wells@wpafb.af.mil
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Abortion, Spontaneous / epidemiology,  etiology
Adult
Female
Fetal Death / epidemiology
Gulf War*
Humans
Infant, Low Birth Weight
Infant, Newborn
Infertility / epidemiology,  etiology
Male
Multivariate Analysis
Persian Gulf Syndrome / complications*
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Complications / epidemiology*,  etiology
Pregnancy Outcome / epidemiology*
Pregnancy, Ectopic / epidemiology
Pregnancy, Multiple
Questionnaires
Reproductive History*
United States / epidemiology
Veterans / classification,  statistics & numerical data*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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