Document Detail

Self-reported adjustment to implanted cardiac devices.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18090194     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND AND RESEARCH OBJECTIVE: Although implantations of devices to support cardiovascular function are increasing, little is known about the factors involved in adjusting psychologically to having an implanted device. This study provides factor analysis of the Implanted Device Adjustment Scale (IDAS) and self-reported data on quality of life, mood states, and global adjustment. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional correlational design study included 174 subjects (46 women and 128 men). A convenience sample was recruited from electrophysiology practices in 2 large Midwestern cities. Subjects completed the IDAS, the SF-36 quality-of-life measure, the Profile of Mood States, and a device adjustment visual analog scale. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: The factor analysis produced 4 subscales for the IDAS: fear/anxiety, attitude, preparation, and body awareness. Perceived adjustment was "good" for 89% of persons and was unrelated to age, sex, type of device, and whether a shock was received. All 4 subscales of the IDAS correlated negatively with adjustment (higher IDAS score means poorer adjustment). The overall IDAS was internally consistent with a Cronbach alpha = .89. Adjustment, as measured by the overall IDAS, had a weak but significant relationship with measures of quality of life including the mental component summary scale of the SF-36 (r = 0.19), but not the physical component summary scale of the SF-36. All the Profile of Mood States subscales correlated positively with the IDAS subscale anxiety/fear with the exception of vigor/activity which had a negative correlation. No sex differences in total adjustment were seen in this group of patients, although there were differences in body awareness, physical functioning, and fatigue. Although patients with implanted cardioverter defibrillator were more fearful/anxious than patients with pacemaker only, no differences in total adjustment were seen between the 2 groups. A better understanding of the experience of adjusting to an implanted device is foundational to the development of appropriate interventions.
Theresa A Beery; Linda S Baas; Carl Henthorn
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial, Phase IV; Journal Article; Multicenter Study    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of cardiovascular nursing     Volume:  22     ISSN:  1550-5049     ISO Abbreviation:  J Cardiovasc Nurs     Publication Date:    2007 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-12-19     Completed Date:  2008-01-04     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8703516     Medline TA:  J Cardiovasc Nurs     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  516-24     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
College of Nursing, University of Cincinnati, Ohio 45221-0038, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Adaptation, Psychological*
Aged, 80 and over
Cross-Sectional Studies
Defibrillators, Implantable / psychology*
Factor Analysis, Statistical
Middle Aged
Pacemaker, Artificial / psychology*
Quality of Life / psychology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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