Document Detail

Self-regulatory skills usage strengthens the relations of self-efficacy for improved eating, exercise, and weight in the severely obese: toward an explanatory model.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21895423     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Lack of success with behavioral weight-management treatments indicates a need for a better understanding of modifiable psychological correlates. Adults with class 2 and 3 obesity (N = 183; Mean (BMI) = 42.0 kg/m(2)) volunteered for a 26-week nutrition and exercise treatment, based on social cognitive theory, that focused on self-efficacy and self-regulation applied to increasing cardiovascular exercise and fruit and vegetable consumption. Improved self-efficacy for controlled eating significantly predicted increased fruit and vegetable consumption (R (2) = .15). Improved self-efficacy for exercise significantly predicted increased exercise (R (2) = .46). When changes in self-regulatory skill usage were stepped into the 2 previous equations, the variances accounted for significantly increased. Increases in fruit and vegetable consumption and exercise significantly predicted weight loss (R (2) = .38). Findings suggest that behavioral theory should guide research on weight-loss treatment, and a focus on self-efficacy and self-regulatory skills applied to specific nutrition and exercise behaviors is warranted.
James J Annesi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Behavioral medicine (Washington, D.C.)     Volume:  37     ISSN:  0896-4289     ISO Abbreviation:  Behav Med     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-09-07     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804264     Medline TA:  Behav Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  71-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
a YMCA of Metropolitan Atlanta.
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