Document Detail


Self-regulatory processes defend against the threat of death: Effects of self-control depletion and trait self-control on thoughts and fears of dying.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16834479     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Nine studies (N = 979) demonstrated that managing the threat of death requires self-regulation. Both trait and state self-control ability moderated the degree to which people experienced death-related thought and anxiety. Participants high (vs. low) in self-control generated fewer death-related thoughts after being primed with death, reported less death anxiety, were less likely to perceive death-related themes in ambiguous scenes, and reacted with less worldview defense when mortality was made salient. Further, coping with thoughts of death led to self-regulatory fatigue. After writing about death versus a control topic, participants performed worse on several measures of self-regulation that were irrelevant to death. These results suggest that self-regulation is a key intrapsychic mechanism for alleviating troublesome thoughts and feelings about mortality.
Authors:
Matthew T Gailliot; Brandon J Schmeichel; Roy F Baumeister
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of personality and social psychology     Volume:  91     ISSN:  0022-3514     ISO Abbreviation:  J Pers Soc Psychol     Publication Date:  2006 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-07-12     Completed Date:  2007-01-12     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0014171     Medline TA:  J Pers Soc Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  49-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2006 APA, all rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306-1270, USA. gailliot@psy.fsu.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adaptation, Psychological
Affect
Anxiety / diagnosis,  psychology
Arousal
Attitude to Death*
Awareness
Defense Mechanisms*
Fear*
Female
Humans
Individuality
Internal-External Control*
Male
Optical Illusions
Pattern Recognition, Visual
Personality Inventory
Problem Solving
Students / psychology
Thinking*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
MH65559/MH/NIMH NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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