Document Detail

Self-reflection and the temporal focus of the wandering mind.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21277803     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Current accounts suggest that self-referential thought serves a pivotal function in the human ability to simulate the future during mind-wandering. Using experience sampling, this hypothesis was tested in two studies that explored the extent to which self-reflection impacts both retrospection and prospection during mind-wandering. Study 1 demonstrated that a brief period of self-reflection yielded a prospective bias during mind-wandering such that participants' engaged more frequently in spontaneous future than past thought. In Study 2, individual differences in the strength of self-referential thought - as indexed by the memorial advantage for self rather than other-encoded items - was shown to vary with future thinking during mind-wandering. Together these results confirm that self-reflection is a core component of future thinking during mind-wandering and provide novel evidence that a key function of the autobiographical memory system may be to mentally simulate events in the future.
Jonathan Smallwood; Jonathan W Schooler; David J Turk; Sheila J Cunningham; Phebe Burns; C Neil Macrae
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-1-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Consciousness and cognition     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1090-2376     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-1-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9303140     Medline TA:  Conscious Cogn     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Social and Affective Neuroscience1, Max Planck Institute for Brain & Cognition, Leipzig, Germany.
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