Document Detail


Self-instructional training to increase independent work performance in preschoolers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7118757     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The generalized effects of self-instructional training on the classroom performance of three "impulsive" preschool children were investigated using a multiple-baseline design across subjects. Measures of child and teacher behavior in the classroom were obtained through direct observations during a daily independent work period. Self-instructional training followed Meichenbaum and Goodman's (1971) approach, except that training materials consisted of naturalistic task worksheets rather than psychometric test items and training sessions were of shorter duration. For all three children, self-instructional training resulted in increased levels of accuracy on worksheets in the classroom that were similar to those used in training. Results related to several supplementary measures were less clear; however, they suggested that rates of on-task behavior may also have improved, and that a mild classroom intervention further strengthened on-task rates and effect consistent work completion for all three children. The findings suggested that generalized increases in accuracy on classroom worksheets were related to the naturalistic format of the self-instructional training sessions. The level of teacher attention was controlled to rule out its effect on changes in child behavior.
Authors:
L E Bryant; K S Budd
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied behavior analysis     Volume:  15     ISSN:  0021-8855     ISO Abbreviation:  J Appl Behav Anal     Publication Date:  1982  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1982-12-02     Completed Date:  1982-12-02     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0174763     Medline TA:  J Appl Behav Anal     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  259-71     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Achievement*
Attention
Behavior Therapy / methods*
Child Behavior Disorders / psychology,  therapy
Child, Preschool
Female
Humans
Learning Disorders / psychology,  therapy*
Male
Remedial Teaching
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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