Document Detail

Self-expanding plastic stents for benign esophageal lesions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15605003     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: A benign condition is a relative contraindication to the use of self-expanding metallic stents, because these devices usually are not retrievable. The self-expanding plastic stent is removable and induces less tissue hyperplasia. This study prospectively evaluated the use of a self-expanding plastic stent to treat benign esophageal conditions. METHODS: Over 4 years, 21 patients underwent self-expanding plastic stent placement for various benign esophageal disorders, including refractory peptic (n = 2), caustic (n = 3), post-radiotherapy (n = 3), and anastomotic (n = 4) stenoses; hyperplastic (n = 5) stenosis within a previously implanted metallic stent; and anastomotic leak (n = 4) after esophagectomy. The self-expanding plastic stent was removed from all patients. Patients were followed for at least 8 months after stent removal. RESULTS: Implantation was successful in all cases. Temporary self-expanding plastic stent placement was curative in 17/21 patients, especially those with caustic and hyperplastic strictures and anastomotic fistula, all of which were treated successfully without re-intervention. Median follow-up was 21 months (range 8-39 months) after stent removal. Moreover, by inducing tissue ischemia, self-expanding plastic stent allowed delayed removal of metallic stents. Only one severe complication (tracheal compression) was encountered, and this resolved after stent removal. CONCLUSIONS: A range of benign stenosing disorders of the esophagus can be treated safely with a self-expanding plastic stent. Because the long-term results were highly favorable, self-expanding plastic stent placement could be used as the initial treatment for various conditions. Self-expanding plastic stent insertion within an esophageal self-expanding metallic stent allowed removal of the latter, theoretically unretrievable, stent.
Sylvie Evrard; Olivier Le Moine; Giorgia Lazaraki; Arno Dormann; Issam El Nakadi; Jacques Devière
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Gastrointestinal endoscopy     Volume:  60     ISSN:  0016-5107     ISO Abbreviation:  Gastrointest. Endosc.     Publication Date:  2004 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-12-17     Completed Date:  2005-03-16     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0010505     Medline TA:  Gastrointest Endosc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  894-900     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Gastroenterology, Hôpital Erasme, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Route de Lennik 808, B-1070 Brussels, Belgium.
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MeSH Terms
Burns, Chemical / etiology,  radiography,  therapy
Child, Preschool
Device Removal
Esophageal Diseases / etiology,  radiography,  therapy*
Esophageal Stenosis / etiology,  radiography,  therapy*
Esophagus / injuries
Follow-Up Studies
Middle Aged
Wound Healing / physiology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Caustics; 0/Metals; 0/Plastics

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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