Document Detail

Self-evaluation, social reinforcement, and academic achievement of black and white schoolchildren.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1269309     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Black and white male schoolchildren covertly evaluated their own performance at a verbal task administered by black and white male experimenters. It was hypothesized that academically successful children would be predisposed to appraise themselves favorably, whereas relatively unsuccessful pupils would be biased toward self-criticism. The covert self-evaluations were assumed to represent at internalization of early experiences of predominantly positive or negative social reinforcement from adult socializing agents. The predicition for self-criticism was upheld in the white experimenter condition but not in the black experimenter condition. Relationships consistent with the theory were found between subjects' self-appraisals and their retrospective reports of positive and negative reinforcements received from parents and teachers in various typical situations. These relationships were more evident for black subjects than for white subjects. The extent to which children's self-praise and self-criticism mediated affect was assessed by means of a color conditioning technique. Contrary to predicition, possibly due to the easy nature of the experimental task.
I Katz; O J Cole; R M Baron
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Child development     Volume:  47     ISSN:  0009-3920     ISO Abbreviation:  Child Dev     Publication Date:  1976 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1976-08-02     Completed Date:  1976-08-02     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372725     Medline TA:  Child Dev     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  368-74     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
African Americans*
Internal-External Control
Reinforcement, Social
Self Assessment (Psychology)*
Self Concept*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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