Document Detail


Self-evaluation, social reinforcement, and academic achievement of black and white schoolchildren.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1269309     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Black and white male schoolchildren covertly evaluated their own performance at a verbal task administered by black and white male experimenters. It was hypothesized that academically successful children would be predisposed to appraise themselves favorably, whereas relatively unsuccessful pupils would be biased toward self-criticism. The covert self-evaluations were assumed to represent at internalization of early experiences of predominantly positive or negative social reinforcement from adult socializing agents. The predicition for self-criticism was upheld in the white experimenter condition but not in the black experimenter condition. Relationships consistent with the theory were found between subjects' self-appraisals and their retrospective reports of positive and negative reinforcements received from parents and teachers in various typical situations. These relationships were more evident for black subjects than for white subjects. The extent to which children's self-praise and self-criticism mediated affect was assessed by means of a color conditioning technique. Contrary to predicition, possibly due to the easy nature of the experimental task.
Authors:
I Katz; O J Cole; R M Baron
Related Documents :
23328899 - P300/cbp histone acetyltransferase activity is required for newly acquired and reactiva...
23307069 - Cannabidiol enhances consolidation of explicit fear extinction in humans.
23992769 - Extinction of conditioned fear is better learned and recalled in the morning than in th...
24936179 - Neurocognitive profiles of learning disabled children with neurofibromatosis type 1.
22988289 - A role of protein degradation in memory consolidation after initial learning and extinc...
21533079 - Chimpanzee vocal signaling points to a multimodal origin of human language.
23408549 - Exploring the effects of ecological activities during exposure to optical prisms in hea...
15809539 - Do 'auditory processing' tests measure auditory processing in the elderly?
1177089 - Informational determinants of females' self-attributions and observers' judgments of th...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Child development     Volume:  47     ISSN:  0009-3920     ISO Abbreviation:  Child Dev     Publication Date:  1976 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1976-08-02     Completed Date:  1976-08-02     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372725     Medline TA:  Child Dev     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  368-74     Citation Subset:  IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Achievement*
Affect*
African Americans*
Anxiety
Child
Humans
Internal-External Control
Male
Reinforcement, Social
Self Assessment (Psychology)*
Self Concept*
Students

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Body size and form of black and white female youths measured during 1974-1975 at Columbia, South Car...
Next Document:  The effects of cooperatively and competitively structured learning enironments on inter- and intrape...