Document Detail


Self-efficacy and perceived control: cognitive mediators of pain tolerance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3346804     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The cold-pressor task was used with 102 female undergraduates in 2 experiments to determine (a) whether self-efficacy has validity as a true causal determinant of behavior change or is a correlate of change that has already occurred and (b) how perceptions of control and self-efficacy interact to determine choice behavior, persistence, and the impact of an aversive stimulus. Results of Experiment 1 indicate that self-efficacy expectations affected performance beyond what would have been expected from past performance alone. Changes in self-efficacy expectations predicted changes in cold-pressor tolerance. These findings suggest that self-efficacy expectations can be causal determinants of behavior in an aversive situation. Results of Experiment 2 indicate that self-efficacy was separable from control and that performance was best if both high levels of perceived control and self-efficacy were present. These findings support the notion that self-efficacy expectations can mediate the desirability of providing control, in that those who benefit most from control are those who are most confident they can exercise it.
Authors:
M D Litt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of personality and social psychology     Volume:  54     ISSN:  0022-3514     ISO Abbreviation:  J Pers Soc Psychol     Publication Date:  1988 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-04-08     Completed Date:  1988-04-08     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0014171     Medline TA:  J Pers Soc Psychol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  149-60     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington 06032.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adaptation, Psychological
Adult
Female
Humans
Internal-External Control
Pain Measurement*
Personality Tests
Self Concept*
Sensory Thresholds

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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