Document Detail

Self-control by pigeons in the prisoner's dilemma.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12412887     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Pigeons played a repeated prisoner's dilemma game against a computer that reflected theirchoices: If a pigeon cooperated on trial n, the computer cooperated on trial n + 1; if the pigeon defected on trial n, the computer defected on trial n + 1. Cooperation thus maximized reinforcement in the long term, but defection was worth more on the current trial. Under these circumstances, pigeons normally defect. However, when a signal correlated with the pigeon's previous choice immediately followed each current trial choice, some pigeons learned to cooperate. Furthermore, cooperation was higher when trials were close together in time than when they were separated by long intertrial intervals.
Forest Baker; Howard Rachlin
Related Documents :
9060147 - Guanidinoacetate methyltransferase deficiency: a newly recognized inborn error of creat...
2534267 - Anterior abdominal wall defects.
2939807 - Pneumatic reduction bag for treatment of gastroschisis and omphalocele. a 10-year exper...
1412057 - Trends in rates of multiple vascular disruption defects, atlanta, 1968-1989: is there e...
6882847 - Oxygen consumption in premature infants in an incubator of proven clinical efficacy.
23382897 - Poor adherence to national and international breastfeeding duration targets in an austr...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychonomic bulletin & review     Volume:  9     ISSN:  1069-9384     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychon Bull Rev     Publication Date:  2002 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-11-04     Completed Date:  2003-02-21     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9502924     Medline TA:  Psychon Bull Rev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  482-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
State University of New York, Stony Brook, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Behavior, Animal / physiology*
Choice Behavior
Reinforcement (Psychology)

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Estimating parameters of the diffusion model: approaches to dealing with contaminant reaction times ...
Next Document:  Visual binding in the standing wave illusion.