Document Detail

Self-awareness after acquired and traumatic brain injury.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16864479     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Self-awareness deficits are common after acquired and (traumatic) brain injury (ABI), particularly in social behaviour, yet the underlying cognitive and neuroanatomical structures supporting social self-awareness are not fully understood. This paper reviews the current literature on prevalence, type and severity of self-awareness deficits in ABI. Neuropsychological and neuroanatomical models are reviewed and theoretical frameworks are examined. We summarise results of a case-control comparison of 20 ABI patients with and 20 ABI patients without behavioural disturbance. Our research found that lack of social self-awareness predicts behavioural disturbance in acquired and traumatic brain injury independent of cognitive and executive function. Theory of mind ability was related to self-awareness and a possible role for metacognition and affective processes in self-awareness is discussed to account for social self-awareness deficits.
Laura J Bach; Anthony S David
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neuropsychological rehabilitation     Volume:  16     ISSN:  0960-2011     ISO Abbreviation:  Neuropsychol Rehabil     Publication Date:  2006 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-07-25     Completed Date:  2006-10-18     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9112672     Medline TA:  Neuropsychol Rehabil     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  397-414     Citation Subset:  IM    
Lishman Brain Injury Unit, Maudsley Hospital, Denmark Hill, London, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Brain Injuries / classification,  physiopathology*
Case-Control Studies
Glasgow Coma Scale / statistics & numerical data
Middle Aged
Models, Psychological
Neuropsychological Tests / statistics & numerical data
Self Assessment (Psychology)*
Social Behavior

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