Document Detail


Self-Other Knowledge Asymmetries in Personality Pathology.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22583054     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Objective: Self-reports of personality provide valid information about personality disorders (PDs). However, informant-reports provide information about PDs that self-reports alone do not provide. The current paper examines if and when one perspective is more valid than the other in identifying PDs. Method: Using a representative sample of adults 55 to 65 year of age (N = 991; 45% males), we compared the validity of self- and informant- (e.g., spouse, family, or friend) reports of the FFM traits in predicting PD scores (i.e., composite of interviewer, self-, and informant-reports of PDs). Results: Self-reports (particularly of neuroticism) were more valid than informant-reports for most internalizing PDs (i.e., PDs defined by high neuroticism). Informant-reports (particularly of agreeableness and conscientiousness) were more valid than self-reports for externalizing and/or antagonistic PDs (i.e., PDs defined by low agreeableness, conscientiousness). Neither report was consistently more valid for thought disorder PDs (i.e., PDs defined by low extraversion). However, informant-reports (particularly of agreeableness) were more valid than self-reports for PDs that were both internalizing and externalizing (i.e., PDs defined by high neuroticism and low agreeableness). Conclusions: The intrapersonal and interpersonal manifestations of PDs differ, and these differences influence who knows more about pathology.
Authors:
Erika N Carlson; Simine Vazire; Thomas F Oltmanns
Related Documents :
11522804 - Education and the risk of alzheimer's disease: findings from the study of dementia in s...
15793704 - Isolated imperforate anus in monozygotic twins: case report and implications.
1552454 - An unusual case of heteropagus twinning.
3976724 - Fetal mortality in sibships with one or more affected members with oral clefts.
17089804 - Late thrombosis of drug-eluting stents after discontinuation of clopidogrel: report of ...
19454114 - Uveitis (acute anterior).
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of personality     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1467-6494     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985194R     Medline TA:  J Pers     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Authors. Journal of Personality © 2012, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Affiliation:
Washington University, St. Louis.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Solution NMR studies of peptide-lipid interactions in model membranes.
Next Document:  Comparison of 2 Devices in Pigs To Induce Hypothermia in Laparoscopic Orthotopic Kidney Transplant.