Document Detail


Selenium in German infants fed breast milk or different formulas.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7488806     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
At birth and at 4 months of age, selenium (Se) values of 129 term infants on three different diets were determined: 50 infants were breast fed (HM), 44 received formula based on cow's milk (F) and 35 were fed "hypoallergenic formula" (PHF) (partially hydrolysed whey protein). The Se status of a group of twins (n = 12) fed "hypoallergenic formula" was compared with the respective group of singletons. All infants had low plasma Se values during early infancy. The plasma Se of breast-fed infants remained stable (plasma Se 43 +/- 8 ng/ml at birth and at 4 months), whereas plasma glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) decreased (birth: 107 +/- 29 U/l; 4 months: 62 +/- 11 U/l). The formula-fed infants showed a reduction in plasma Se levels from birth to 4 months (38 +/- 10 ng/ml and 29 +/- 9 ng/ml, respectively). The decrease was even more pronounced in infants fed the "hypoallergenic formula". This group presented the lowest Se values (plasma Se 39 +/- 9 ng/ml at birth; 20 +/- 6 ng/ml at 4 months). Renal excretion of Se was found to be lower in the formula-fed infants (F and PHF) compared with the HM group. There was a significant correlation between plasma and urinary Se (r = 0.62, p = 0.0001). Urinary Se (microgram Se/g creatinine) appeared to be a good indicator of Se intake. Measurements of urine Se might be used as a screening method for the estimation of the Se supply. Weight and length increases in all infants were within the normal range. There were no differences between the different feeding groups.
Authors:
F Jochum; A Fuchs; H Menzel; I Lombeck
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992)     Volume:  84     ISSN:  0803-5253     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Paediatr.     Publication Date:  1995 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-01-03     Completed Date:  1996-01-03     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9205968     Medline TA:  Acta Paediatr     Country:  NORWAY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  859-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Paediatrics, Heinrich-Heine-University, Düsseldorf, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Bottle Feeding*
Breast Feeding*
Female
Germany
Glutathione Peroxidase / blood
Humans
Infant
Infant Food / analysis*
Infant, Newborn
Male
Milk, Human / chemistry*
Reference Values
Selenium / administration & dosage,  blood*
Twins
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
7782-49-2/Selenium; EC 1.11.1.9/Glutathione Peroxidase

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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