Document Detail

Selenium bioavailability: current knowledge and future research requirements.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20200264     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Information on selenium bioavailability is required to derive dietary recommendations and to evaluate and improve the quality of food products. The need for robust data is particularly important in light of recent suggestions of potential health benefits associated with different intakes of selenium. The issue is not straightforward, however, because of large variations in the selenium content of foods (determined by a combination of geologic/environmental factors and selenium supplementation of fertilizers and animal feedstuffs) and the chemical forms of the element, which are absorbed and metabolized differently. Although most dietary selenium is absorbed efficiently, the retention of organic forms is higher than that of inorganic forms. There are also complications in the assessment and quantification of selenium species within foodstuffs. Often, extraction is only partial, and the process can alter the form or forms present in the food. Efforts to improve, standardize, and make more widely available techniques for species quantification are required. Similarly, reliable and sensitive functional biomarkers of selenium status are required, together with improvements in current biomarker methods. This requirement is particularly important for the assessment of bioavailability, because some functional biomarkers respond differently to the various selenium species. The effect of genotype adds a potential further dimension to the process of deriving bioavailability estimates and underlines the need for further research to facilitate the process of deriving dietary recommendations in the future.
Susan J Fairweather-Tait; Rachel Collings; Rachel Hurst
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-03-03
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  91     ISSN:  1938-3207     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Clin. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2010 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-04-21     Completed Date:  2010-05-28     Revised Date:  2010-10-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376027     Medline TA:  Am J Clin Nutr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1484S-1491S     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
School of Medicine, Health Policy & Practice, University of East Anglia, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, United Kingdom.
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MeSH Terms
Biological Availability
Brassica / metabolism
Diet / standards
Food / standards
Food Analysis
Intestinal Absorption / physiology
Research / trends*
Selenium / metabolism*,  therapeutic use
Selenomethionine / metabolism
Vegetables / metabolism
Reg. No./Substance:
1464-42-2/Selenomethionine; 7782-49-2/Selenium
Erratum In:
Am J Clin Nutr. 2010 Oct;92(4):1002

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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