Document Detail


Selective and nonselective beta-blockade of the peripheral circulation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6690167     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effects of selective beta 1- as compared to nonselective beta-adrenergic blocking drugs on the peripheral circulation have not been adequately investigated. Ten healthy subjects received placebo for 1 wk followed by 4 wk of either propranolol or metoprolol in equivalent but increasing doses each week. Subjects then crossed over to the other sequence of placebo and drug. Measurements of calf blood flow, mean blood pressure, and calculation of calf vascular resistance were obtained at rest, after three loads of supine exercise on a bicycle ergometer, and during isoproterenol infusion testing. At the doses chosen, both beta-adrenergic blocking drugs induced equivalent decreases in exercise heart rate. Metoprolol lowered resting and exercise mean blood pressure at most doses, whereas propranolol had less of an effect on this variable. Neither drug altered resting or exercise calf blood flow or vascular resistance. More isoproterenol was required to increase the heart rate and decrease the vascular resistance during treatment with propranolol than with metoprolol. We conclude that in normotensive subjects metoprolol is somewhat more effective than propranolol in lowering mean arterial pressure during exercise when the drugs are given at doses equivalent in effects on exercise heart rate. Neither drug has a deleterious effect on calf blood flow or vascular resistance. Despite this, a marked separation between the vascular beta 2-adrenergic-blocking effects of these drugs can be demonstrated with an isoproterenol infusion indicating beta 2-adrenergic-receptor sparing by metoprolol.
Authors:
W R Hiatt; D C Fradl; G O Zerbe; R L Byyny; A S Nies
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical pharmacology and therapeutics     Volume:  35     ISSN:  0009-9236     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Pharmacol. Ther.     Publication Date:  1984 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1984-02-20     Completed Date:  1984-02-20     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372741     Medline TA:  Clin Pharmacol Ther     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  12-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Blood Circulation / drug effects*
Blood Pressure / drug effects
Heart Rate / drug effects
Humans
Leg / blood supply
Male
Metoprolol / pharmacology*
Physical Exertion
Propranolol / pharmacology*
Random Allocation
Vascular Resistance / drug effects
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
RR00051/RR/NCRR NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
37350-58-6/Metoprolol; 525-66-6/Propranolol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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