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Selective melamine detection in multiple sample matrices with a portable Raman instrument using surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy-active gold nanoparticles.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22704375     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Melamine adulteration of food and pharmaceutical products is a major concern and there is a growing need to protect the public from exposure to contaminated or adulterated products. One approach to reduce this threat is to develop a portable method for on-site rapid testing. We describe a universal and selective method for the detection of melamine in a variety of solid matrices at the 100-200μgL(-1) level by surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) with gold nanoparticles. With minimal sample preparation and the use of a portable Raman spectrometer, this work will lead to field-based screening for melamine adulteration. Citrate coated gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) were investigated for both colorimetric and Raman-based responses. Several non-hazardous solvents were evaluated in order to develop a melamine extraction procedure safe for field applications. Au NP agglomerates formed by the addition of isopropanol (IPA) prior to sample introduction enhanced the Raman signal for melamine and eliminated matrix interference for substrate formation. The melamine Raman signal resulted in a 10(5) enhancement through the use of Au NP agglomerates. To our knowledge, we have developed the first portable SERS method using Au NPs to selectively screen for the presence of melamine adulteration in a variety of food and pharmaceutical matrices, including milk powder, infant formula, lactose, povidone, whey protein, wheat bran and wheat gluten.
Authors:
Laura C Mecker; Katherine M Tyner; John F Kauffman; Sergey Arzhantsev; Daniel J Mans; Connie M Gryniewicz-Ruzicka
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-05-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Analytica chimica acta     Volume:  733     ISSN:  1873-4324     ISO Abbreviation:  Anal. Chim. Acta     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-06-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370534     Medline TA:  Anal Chim Acta     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  48-55     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Published by Elsevier B.V.
Affiliation:
US Food and Drug Administration, CDER, Division of Pharmaceutical Analysis, St. Louis, MO 63101, United States.
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