Document Detail


Selection for postweaning growth in inbred Hereford cattle: the Fort Keogh, Montana line 1 example.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1563998     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Demographic characteristics and genetic trends in birth weight and pre- and postweaning ADG were examined in a population of Hereford cattle (Line 1). Line 1 was founded largely from two paternal half-sib sires and has been selected for postweaning growth. There were pedigree records on 951 members of the base population that predated 1935, when data collection began. Numbers of records analyzed using mixed-model methodology were 4,716 birth weight, 4,427 preweaning ADG, and 3,579 postweaning ADG. Birth weight and preweaning ADG were considered to have direct and maternal genetic components. Inbreeding accumulated rapidly from 1935 to 1960 and more slowly (.22%/yr) thereafter. Any reduction in additive genetic variance due to inbreeding and selection may have been offset by a concurrent reduction in generation interval that was observed as time progressed. Expected selection differential for 365-d weight, averaged over sexes, was 31.2 kg per generation. For birth weight, annual genetic trends in direct and maternal effects were 42 +/- 3 g and 15 +/- 3 g, respectively. Annual direct and maternal genetic trends for preweaning ADG were .70 +/- .06 g/d and .63 +/- .06 g/d, respectively. Direct response in postweaning ADG was linear and equal to 5.3 +/- .6 g.d-1.yr-1. As a result, estimated breeding values of birth weight, 200-d weight, and 365-d weight increased by 3.2 kg, 14.5 kg, and 62.4 kg, respectively, from 1935 to 1989. Selection within Line 1 was effective in increasing genetic potential for growth over 13 generations. No selection plateau was observed in any of the traits examined.
Authors:
M D MacNeil; J J Urick; S Newman; B W Knapp
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of animal science     Volume:  70     ISSN:  0021-8812     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Anim. Sci.     Publication Date:  1992 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-05-21     Completed Date:  1992-05-21     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003002     Medline TA:  J Anim Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  723-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
U.S. Department of Agriculture, ARS, Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Research Laboratory, Miles City, MT 59301.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Age Factors
Animals
Birth Weight / genetics*
Cattle / genetics,  growth & development*
Female
Genetic Variation
Inbreeding*
Male
Phenotype
Regression Analysis
Weight Gain / genetics*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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