Document Detail

Selection and the effect of prenatal smoking.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19319975     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
There is a debate about the extent to which the effect of prenatal smoking on infant health outcomes is causal. Poor outcomes could be attributable to mother characteristics, which are correlated with smoking. I examine the importance of selection on the effect of prenatal smoking by using three British cohorts where the mothers' knowledge about the harms of prenatal smoking varied substantially. I find that the effect of smoking on the probability of a low birth weight birth conditional on gestation is slightly more than twice as large in 2000 compared with 1958, implying that selection could explain as much as 50% of the current association between smoking and birth outcomes.
Angela R Fertig
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Health economics     Volume:  19     ISSN:  1099-1050     ISO Abbreviation:  Health Econ     Publication Date:  2010 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-02-10     Completed Date:  2010-04-29     Revised Date:  2014-09-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9306780     Medline TA:  Health Econ     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  209-26     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright (c) 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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MeSH Terms
Cohort Studies
Great Britain / epidemiology
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Infant Welfare
Infant, Low Birth Weight
Infant, Newborn
Pregnancy Outcome
Prenatal Care*
Smoking / adverse effects*,  epidemiology
Young Adult
Grant Support
R01 HD041141/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD041141-01/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD41141-01/HD/NICHD NIH HHS

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