Document Detail


Seizures in children with low-grade tumors: outcome after tumor resection and risk factors for uncontrolled seizures.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16776371     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECT: The goals of this study were to define the incidence of seizures in children with low-grade tumors, study seizure outcome after lesionectomy in these children, and identify risk factors for poor seizure outcome. METHODS: The authors performed a retrospective chart review of children who harbored low-grade brain tumors, experienced seizures, and were treated in a single institution. Statistical analyses included step-wise as well as single-variable binary logistic regression analyses. Fifty-five children (20%) with seizures were identified in a cohort of 280 children with low-grade tumors. Of these 55 children, 35 harbored cortical cerebral tumors and 20 had noncortical lesions, including six whose tumors were in the posterior fossa. Seizures were defined as controlled if there was no seizure in the 12 months preceding the last clinic visit. All cortical tumors were treated by lesionectomy as an initial procedure. Of the 27 children with cortical tumors whose seizures began before tumor diagnosis, 23 had complete resection and 52% of these 23 experienced no further seizures after surgery. Seizures are presently controlled in 84% of the total 55 patients at a median follow-up time of 4.5 years after the first seizure (range 1-17.4 years). Only two variables, a pericavity hyperintense signal on T2-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) images and at least 10 seizures prior to therapy for seizures, were associated with uncontrolled seizures. CONCLUSIONS: Lesionectomy may be appropriate in children with low-grade brain tumors. A large number of seizures before therapy and a hyperintense area around the tumor cavity on postresection MR images are associated with uncontrolled seizures. Medical therapy and tumor resection will control seizures in the majority of children with low-grade tumors.
Authors:
Raja B Khan; Frederick A Boop; Arzu Onar; Robert A Sanford
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neurosurgery     Volume:  104     ISSN:  0022-3085     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Neurosurg.     Publication Date:  2006 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-06-16     Completed Date:  2006-07-18     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0253357     Medline TA:  J Neurosurg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  377-82     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Departments of Radiological Sciences, Biostatistics, and Neuro-surgical Service, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105-2794, USA. raja.khan@stjude.org
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Brain Neoplasms / pathology,  surgery*
Child
Child, Preschool
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Infant
Male
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial / pathology,  surgery*
Papilloma, Choroid Plexus / pathology,  surgery*
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors
Seizures / etiology*,  prevention & control*
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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