Document Detail


Seizure suppression in kindling epilepsy by intrahippocampal locus coeruleus grafts: evidence for an alpha-2-adrenoreceptor mediated mechanism.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1975788     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Intrahippocampal cell suspension grafts, prepared from the locus coeruleus region of rat fetuses, have previously been shown to retard seizure development in rats made hypersensitive to hippocampal kindling by a lesion of the forebrain noradrenergic system. The objective of the present study was to provide evidence that the seizure-suppressant effect elicited by the grafts is mediated via noradrenergic mechanisms. Two groups of rats received 6-hydroxydopamine in the lateral ventricle and then bilateral intrahippocampal locus coeruleus grafts. After 3 months, the grafted animals and a group of normal rats were subjected to hippocampal kindling. One group of grafted animals and the normal rats were injected intraperitoneally with the alpha-2 adrenergic receptor blocker idazoxan before each kindling stimulation. The other grafted rats received vehicle injections. The development of seizures was significantly faster in the grafted and normal rats that had been given idazoxan than in the grafted rats that had not been subjected to alpha-2 receptor blockade. Our data suggest that the seizure-suppressant action exerted by grafts of fetal locus coeruleus in hippocampal kindling is mediated via noradrenergic mechanisms, most likely via activation of postsynaptic alpha-2 adrenoreceptors.
Authors:
J Bengzon; M Kokaia; P Brundin; O Lindvall
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Experimental brain research     Volume:  81     ISSN:  0014-4819     ISO Abbreviation:  Exp Brain Res     Publication Date:  1990  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-10-15     Completed Date:  1990-10-15     Revised Date:  2013-12-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0043312     Medline TA:  Exp Brain Res     Country:  GERMANY, WEST    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  433-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adrenergic beta-Antagonists / pharmacology
Animals
Dioxanes / pharmacology
Dopamine beta-Hydroxylase / analysis
Epilepsy / physiopathology,  surgery*
Hippocampus / physiology*,  physiopathology
Hydroxydopamines
Idazoxan
Kindling, Neurologic* / drug effects
Locus Coeruleus / transplantation*
Male
Neurons / enzymology,  physiology
Oxidopamine
Rats
Rats, Inbred Strains
Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha / drug effects,  physiology*
Reference Values
Seizures / physiopathology,  surgery*
Transplantation, Heterotopic
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Adrenergic beta-Antagonists; 0/Dioxanes; 0/Hydroxydopamines; 0/Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha; 8HW4YBZ748/Oxidopamine; EC 1.14.17.1/Dopamine beta-Hydroxylase; Y310PA316B/Idazoxan

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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