Document Detail

Segmental vascular resistances and compliances in dog lung.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3571076     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The segmental distribution of vascular resistances and compliances were evaluated in isolated blood perfused lung lobes using arterial, venous, and double-occlusion pressures and were compared with filtration midpoint capillary pressures (Pc,f). We separated total vascular resistance (RT) and compliance (CT) into large artery (Ra, Ca), large vein (Rv, Cv), and microvascular compartments (Rmc, Cmc) at base-line and increased vascular pressures and during infusions of histamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine. In control lobes, double-occlusion pressure (Pdo) closely approximated Pc,f at all vascular pressures. Pre- and postcapillary resistance were approximately equal when referenced to either Pc,f or Pdo. Although Rmc comprised 42% of RT and Cmc constituted 76% of CT, a twofold increase in base-line Pc,f caused RT to decrease to 67% and Rmc/RT to 29% of control values, whereas CT decreased to 87% and Cmc/CT decreased to 88% of control values over the same Pc,f range. Mean static CT was 2.25 +/- 0.09 ml X cmH2O-1. 100 g-1, whereas dynamic CT was 1.54 +/- 0.08 ml X cmH2O-1. 100 g-1, or only 68% of static vascular compliance. Drug infusions increased mean RT from 4.2- to 5.3-fold and significantly decreased both static and dynamic CT. Although all vascular segments were constricted, histamine affected primarily large veins, serotonin increased Ra greater than Rv, and norepinephrine constricted upstream and downstream vessels about equally. Increased Pc,f in the presence of these drugs decreased RT significantly in every case primarily through attenuation of the drug vasoconstrictor effect on Rmc and decreased CT primarily due to a decrease in Cmc, but increased Cmc/(Ca + Cv). Thus the microvascular compartment appears to be the major site of both fluid filtration and vascular compliance and contributes significantly to total vascular resistance. Drug infusions constricted large and small vessel compartments as defined here, but increased Pc,f attenuated microvascular vasoconstriction and to a lesser extent large vessel vasoconstriction resulting in a reduced microvascular resistance in both drug-treated and control lobes. This effect can be attributed to recruitment and/or distension of microvessels and distension of larger vessels.
B Rippe; J C Parker; M I Townsley; N A Mortillaro; A E Taylor
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  62     ISSN:  8750-7587     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1987 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-06-16     Completed Date:  1987-06-16     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1206-15     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure
Histamine / pharmacology
Lung / drug effects,  physiology*
Lung Compliance*
Norepinephrine / pharmacology
Pulmonary Artery / physiology
Pulmonary Circulation* / drug effects
Serotonin / pharmacology
Vascular Resistance / drug effects
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
50-67-9/Serotonin; 51-41-2/Norepinephrine; 51-45-6/Histamine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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