Document Detail

Segmental timing of young children and adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20433340     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Young children's speech is compared to (a) adult-to-adult (A-A) normal speech, and (b) adult-to-adult (A-A) slow speech, and (c) adult-to-child (A-C) speech by measuring durations and variability of each segment in consonant-vowel-consonant CVC (CVC consonant-vowel-consonant) words. The results demonstrate that child speech is more similar to A-C speech than A-A slow speech in that it exhibits a large portion of long vowel duration in a word. However, child speech but differs from A-C speech by more noticeable lengthening of consonants. In addition, child speech exhibits an inconsistent timing relationship across segments within a word whereas durational variation in consonants and vowels was correlated in A-A speech and A-C speech. The results suggest that temporal patterns of young children are quite different from those of adults, and provide some evidence for lack of motor control capability and great variance in articulatory coordination.
Minjung Kim; Carol Stoel-Gammon
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of speech-language pathology     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1754-9515     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Speech Lang Pathol     Publication Date:  2010 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-05-03     Completed Date:  2010-08-03     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101320232     Medline TA:  Int J Speech Lang Pathol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  221-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, University of Washington, 1417 N.E. 42nd St., Seattle, WA 98105-6246, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Child Language*
Child, Preschool
Databases, Factual
Interpersonal Relations
Longitudinal Studies
Speech Acoustics
Speech Production Measurement
Time Factors

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