Document Detail


Sedative properties of the decoction of the rhizome of Cyperus articulatus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11163936     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The decoction of the rhizome of Cyperus articulatus is empirically used in several African countries in the treatment of a wide variety of human diseases. Studies were conducted in mice in order to determine scientifically the pharmacological properties of this medicinal herb. At the same time, the qualitative chemical characterisation of the total extract showed that C. articulatus contains flavonoids, saponins, tannins, terpenes and sugars. The total extract of the rhizome of C. articulatus does not appear to possess either anaesthetic or paralysing effects. In contrast, spontaneous motor activity is significantly reduced by the extract. However, when compared to diazepam, C. articulatus does not seem to have muscle relaxant effects. When associated with sodium thiopental or diazepam, the total extract facilitates sleep induction, and increases the total sleep time without any concomitant analgesic effect. These observations suggest that the rhizome of C. articulatus has pharmacological properties similar to those of sedatives. The sedative actions probably explain at least part of the therapeutic efficiency claimed for this plant in traditional medicine.
Authors:
V S Rakotonirina; E N Bum; A Rakotonirina; M Bopelet
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Fitoterapia     Volume:  72     ISSN:  0367-326X     ISO Abbreviation:  Fitoterapia     Publication Date:  2001 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-02-22     Completed Date:  2001-05-24     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  16930290R     Medline TA:  Fitoterapia     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  22-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Animal Physiology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, B.P. 812 Yaoundé, Cameroon
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Female
Humans
Hypnotics and Sedatives / pharmacology*
Male
Medicine, African Traditional
Mice
Motor Activity / drug effects*
Muscle Relaxation / drug effects
Pain / prevention & control
Plant Extracts / pharmacology*
Plant Roots / chemistry
Plants, Medicinal*
Sleep / drug effects*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Hypnotics and Sedatives; 0/Plant Extracts

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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