Document Detail

Securing water for wetland conservation: A comparative analysis of policy options to protect a national nature reserve in China.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21925786     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
This study evaluates four policy options to secure the water supply needed for wetland conservation in Qixinghe-a national wetland nature reserve in China-using four criteria: cost effectiveness, probability of success in achieving the water-saving goal, political feasibility, and farmer acceptance. This multi-criteria analysis framework reveals the ecological, economic, and socio-political trade-offs for policymakers when choosing among the four policy options. Results suggest that upgrading irrigation infrastructure in the area surrounding the wetland (Option I) is the most politically feasible option, but it is the second best option in terms of cost effectiveness. Constructing a dam to store and control floodwater (Option II) is the most reliable for achieving the water-saving goal. It is also the farmers' most favored strategy. But this option is the least cost effective and receives little support from local governments. Promoting farmers' adoption of water-saving practices (Option III) is the most cost effective, but it is less reliable for achieving the water-saving goal than Options I or II. Converting paddy crops to dry-land crops (Option IV) is politically infeasible and least reliable for achieving the water-saving goal. The overall ranking of the four options is determined using the policymakers' revealed weights on the four criteria. Option I is ranked first, followed by Options II, III, and IV.
Jian Wu; Junjie Wu; Xiaoxia Wang; Ma Zhong
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-9-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of environmental management     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1095-8630     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-9-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401664     Medline TA:  J Environ Manage     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
School of Environment and Natural Resources, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China.
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