Document Detail


Secular decreases in fracture rates 1986-2006 for Manitoba, Canada: a population-based analysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21069292     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: Secular decreases in hip fracture rates have been reported in some countries. Whether this phenomenon applies to other fracture sites is not well described.
METHODS: We used 20 years of data from the Population Health Research Data Repository for the Province of Manitoba, Canada. Age-adjusted fracture rates were calculated for men and women age 50 years and older 1986-2006 according to fracture site and mechanism (presence/absence of external injury codes). Generalized linear models with generalized estimating equations were used to derive adjusted annual rates and test for linear change in men and women.
RESULTS: Major low-trauma fractures (hip, forearm, spine, and humerus) showed a significant annual linear decline in women (-1.2% [95% CI, -0.7% to -1.8%]) and in men (-0.4% [95% CI, -0.7% to -0.2%]). Hip fracture showed a significant annual decline for both sexes, while forearm and humerus fractures showed a significant decline only in women. The only fracture category that did not show a significant annual decline in either sex was the spine. The observed annual reduction in high-trauma fractures was even larger and did not show a sex difference (-1.8% [95% CI, -2.8% to -0.7%]).
CONCLUSION: We observed a decrease in both low-trauma and high-trauma fracture rates over the study period. This decline was apparent in years prior to widespread osteoporosis testing or availability of modern pharmacotherapy.
Authors:
W D Leslie; M Sadatsafavi; L M Lix; M Azimaee; S Morin; C J Metge; P Caetano
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-11-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Osteoporosis international : a journal established as result of cooperation between the European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation of the USA     Volume:  22     ISSN:  1433-2965     ISO Abbreviation:  Osteoporos Int     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-06-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9100105     Medline TA:  Osteoporos Int     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2137-43     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada, bleslie@sbgh.mb.ca.
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