Document Detail

Secular birth weight changes in liveborn infants before, during, and after 1991-1995 homeland war in Croatia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16758524     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIM: To assess secular trends in birth weights of liveborn infants in Croatia from 1983 to 2003. METHODS: Of a total of 959,591 liveborn infants in the study period, 384,367 were born in the prewar (1983-1989), 226,226 during the war (1991-1995), and 348 998 in the postwar (1996-2003) period. The birth weight of liveborn infants was assessed by 500 g weight groups on the basis of data provided by the Croatian National Institute of Public Health. RESULTS: The gradual and significant increase in the share of infants with birth weight > or =3500 g (<0.001) was paralleled by a reduction in the share of infants with birth weights 2500-3449 g (P<0.001) and <2500 g (P<0.05) in the study period. There was a positive trend in the proportion of 4000-4499 g, > or =4500 g (P<0.001 for both), and 500-999 g (P=0.002) birth weight groups and negative trend in 1000-1499 g, 2500-2999 g, and 3000-3499 g weight groups (P<0.001 for all). During the war period, the proportion of liveborn infants in the 2500-3499 g weight group decreased in comparison with prewar proportion; this trend continued in the postwar period (P<0.001 for both). In the war period, the proportion of liveborn infants with birth weights of 2000-2499 g was significantly larger (P<0.001) and that of > or =4500 g significantly smaller in comparison with the prewar and postwar proportions (P<0.001 for both). CONCLUSION: Positive secular changes in infant birth weights observed in the prewar and postwar period contrasted negative changes during the war period in Croatia. This finding may suggest the association between war suffering and stress and changes in birth weights of newborns.
Irena Brialić; Urelija Rodin; Javor Vrdoljak; Davor Plavec; Vesna Capkun
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Croatian medical journal     Volume:  47     ISSN:  1332-8166     ISO Abbreviation:  Croat. Med. J.     Publication Date:  2006 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-06-07     Completed Date:  2006-08-22     Revised Date:  2010-09-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9424324     Medline TA:  Croat Med J     Country:  Croatia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  452-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Pediatric outpatient clinic, Trogir, Croatia.
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MeSH Terms
Birth Weight*
Infant, Low Birth Weight
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Very Low Birth Weight

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