Document Detail


Sectioning the Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Alters Patellofemoral Joint Kinematics and Contact Mechanics.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23629829     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) disruption may alter patellofemoral joint (PFJ) kinematics and contact mechanics, potentially causing pain and joint degeneration. In this controlled laboratory study, we investigated the hypothesis that MPFL transection would change patellar tracking and PFJ contact pressures and increase the distance between the attachment points of the MPFL. Eight fresh frozen dissected cadaveric knees were mounted in a rig with the quadriceps and ITB loaded to 205 N. An optical tracking system measured joint kinematics, and pressure sensitive film between the patella and trochlea measured PFJ contact pressures. Length patterns of the distance between the femoral and patellar attachments of the MPFL were measured using a suture led to a linear displacement transducer. Measurements were repeated with the MPFL intact and following MPFL transection. A significant increase in the distance between the patellar and femoral MPFL attachment points was noted following transection (p < 0.05). MPFL transection resulted in significantly increased lateral translation and lateral tilt of the patella in early flexion (p < 0.05). Peak and mean medial PFJ contact pressures were significantly reduced and peak lateral contact pressures significantly elevated in early knee flexion following MPFL transection (p < 0.05). MPFL transection resulted in significant alterations to PFJ tracking and contact pressures, which may affect articular cartilage health. © 2013 Orthopaedic Research Society Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res XX:XXX-XXX, 2013.
Authors:
Joanna M Stephen; Deiary Kader; Punyawan Lumpaopong; David J Deehan; Andrew A Amis
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-4-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of orthopaedic research : official publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1554-527X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Orthop. Res.     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-4-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8404726     Medline TA:  J Orthop Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Orthopaedic Research Society.
Affiliation:
Mechanical Engineering Department, Imperial College London, London, SW7 2AZ, United Kingdom.
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