Document Detail

Secretory anti-Giardia lamblia antibodies in human milk: protective effect against diarrhea.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8265319     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether anti-Giardia lamblia secretory IgA (sIgA) antibodies in human milk protect infants from acquisition of or symptoms associated with Giardia infection. METHODS: One hundred ninety-seven Mexican mother/infant pairs were followed weekly from birth for diarrheal disease and feeding status. Infant stool specimens were collected weekly and were cultured for bacterial pathogens and tested for Giardia and rotavirus by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Maternal milk samples were collected weekly for 1 month postpartum and monthly thereafter. To determine the protective effect of anti-Giardia sIgA in milk against infection and against diarrhea due to Giardia, milk samples from mothers of infected infants and appropriately matched controls were assayed for anti-Giardia sIgA by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: Asymptomatic, infected infants ingested significantly (P = .046) higher amounts of milk anti-Giardia sIgA compared with symptomatic, infected infants. However, milk anti-Giardia sIgA concentrations did not differ between Giardia-infected and noninfected infants. CONCLUSION: The amount of anti-Giardia sIgA in human milk was associated with prevention of symptoms of diarrhea due to Giardia, but not with acquisition of the organism.
J N Walterspiel; A L Morrow; M L Guerrero; G M Ruiz-Palacios; L K Pickering
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics     Volume:  93     ISSN:  0031-4005     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatrics     Publication Date:  1994 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-01-25     Completed Date:  1994-01-25     Revised Date:  2010-03-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376422     Medline TA:  Pediatrics     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  28-31     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Pediatrics, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Children's Hospital of the King's Daughters, Norfolk.
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MeSH Terms
Antibodies, Protozoan / analysis*
Cohort Studies
Diarrhea, Infantile / immunology*
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Giardia lamblia / immunology*
Giardiasis / immunology*
Immunity, Maternally-Acquired
Immunoglobulin A, Secretory / analysis*
Infant, Newborn
Milk, Human / immunology*
Prospective Studies
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antibodies, Protozoan; 0/Immunoglobulin A, Secretory

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