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Secretion and transfer of the thyroid hormone binding protein transthyretin by human placenta.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22264585     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
CONTEXT: The thyroid hormone and retinol binding protein transthyretin (TTR) is synthesised by human trophoblasts. Polarised JEG-3 choriocarcinoma cells grown in bicameral chambers secrete TTR predominantly apically but also basally and these cells and human trophoblasts also take up TTR suggesting that there may be a placental TTR shuttle that participates in materno-fetal transfer of thyroid hormones and retinol. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: Our objective was to investigate TTR secretion into the maternal and fetal circuits of the ex vivo dually perfused placental lobule to confirm that placenta secretes TTR into the fetal circulation. We also investigated translocation of Alexa Fluor-594 labelled TTR from incubation medium into the fetal placental capillaries in early (14-15 weeks) and term placental villus explants. RESULTS: The perfused placental lobule secretes TTR into the maternal and fetal circuits. Secretion in both circuits is linear with time and is predominantly into the maternal circuit (mean maternal/fetal ratio 99.4 ± 25.6). The mean data fitted well to a three compartment mathematical model (maternal circuit, placenta and fetal circuit, constant secretion of TTR and return of maternal circuit TTR to the placental compartment). Explants from early (14-15 weeks) and late (38-40 weeks) placentas translocated fluorescently labelled TTR from medium to villus (fetal) capillaries. CONCLUSIONS: Our results confirm that human placenta secretes TTR into maternal and fetal circulations and supports the hypothesis that placental TTR secreted into the maternal placental circulation can be taken up by trophoblasts and translocated to the fetal circulation, forming a TTR shuttle system. This may have important implications for materno-fetal transfer of thyroid hormones, retinol/retinol binding protein and xenobiotics (such as polychlorinated biphenyls) all of which bind to TTR.
Authors:
R H Mortimer; K A Landers; B Balakrishnan; H Li; M D Mitchell; J Patel; K Richard
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Placenta     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-3102     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006349     Medline TA:  Placenta     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Crown Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Conjoint Endocrine Laboratory, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Herston 4029, Brisbane, Australia; School of Medicine, The University of Queensland, Herston 4006, Brisbane, Australia; Disciplines of Medicine, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The University of Queensland, Herston 4006, Brisbane, Australia.
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