Document Detail

Secondary traumatization among ex-POWs' adult children: The mediating role of parental bonding.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24814413     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract Background and Objectives: The aversive impact of combat and parents' combat-induced posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on young children has been examined in a few studies. However, the long-term toll of war captivity on secondary traumatization (ST) and the parental bonding of adult children remains unknown. This study examined ST symptoms and parental bonding among adult children of former prisoners of war (ex-POWs' children) that were compared to adult children of comparable veterans (controls' children). Furthermore, we examined the mediating role of parental bonding and exposure to stress in the association between group and ST symptoms. Design: A correlative, cross-sectional study. Methods: Participants were Israeli ex-POWs' children (N=98) and controls' children (N=90), whose fathers fought in the 1973 Yom-Kippur War. All participants completed a battery of self-reported questionnaires. Results: Ex-POWs' children reported a higher number of ST symptoms and lower levels of fathers' care, as compared to controls' children. Importantly, exposure to stress stemming from fathers' behaviors and fathers' care were found to mediate the association between research group and ST. Conclusions: Forty years after the war ended, the experience of living with ex-POWs is associated with ex-POWs' children psychological outcome.
Gadi Zerach; Roy Aloni
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-5-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Anxiety, stress, and coping     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1477-2205     ISO Abbreviation:  Anxiety Stress Coping     Publication Date:  2014 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-5-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9212242     Medline TA:  Anxiety Stress Coping     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-35     Citation Subset:  -    
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