Document Detail


Secondary and tertiary sulfonamides: a patent review (2008 - 2012).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23148584     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: Secondary and tertiary sulfonamides (R-SO(2)NR(1)R(2)) are defined by the single or double N-alkyl or N-aryl/heteroaryl substitution of the primary sulfonamide respectively. They can be obtained easily by the classical S(N)2 or nucleophile acyl substitution displacements using the appropriate synthones. Many classes of compounds used in therapy present the substituted sulfonamide groups and there is also a continuous interest in different fields such as the herbicides herein schematically reported.
AREAS COVERED: The intent of this article is to give a comprehensive overview of the most important patents in the last decade related to pathologies of great interest. All selected patents claim new compounds bearing the secondary or/and tertiary sulfonamide moiety, and state to have biological activities. The article is neither intended for detailed discussions of the sulfonamides mode of action on the specific therapeutic targets, nor for their contribution to the physicochemical properties of the molecules they are introduced into, as the scientific literature in such topics is exhaustive and in many cases, debates are still ongoing. The main fields covered are related to pathologies affecting the CNS, cardiac disorders, anti-virals, inflammation diseases, glaucoma, bone remodeling, anti-cancer, and finally a section is also dedicated to herbicides.
EXPERT OPINION: The insertion of the secondary/tertiary sulfonamide group into the organic scaffolds is chemically straightforward and not associated to particular toxicity in the cells or in the organisms. Therefore, it is possible to create large libraries of compounds, which can be tested for different diseases. As demonstrated by the patents reported in the present review, the research in medicinal chemistry, and other fields, takes big advantages as new leads are created, and might be further developed.
Authors:
Andrea Scozzafava; Fabrizio Carta; Claudiu T Supuran
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review     Date:  2012-11-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Expert opinion on therapeutic patents     Volume:  23     ISSN:  1744-7674     ISO Abbreviation:  Expert Opin Ther Pat     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-18     Completed Date:  2013-07-02     Revised Date:  2013-11-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9516419     Medline TA:  Expert Opin Ther Pat     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  203-13     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Università degli Studi di Firenze, Polo Scientifico, Laboratorio di Chimica Bioinorganica, Rm. 188, Via della Lastruccia 3, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Florence, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Anti-Inflammatory Agents / pharmacology
Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology
Antiviral Agents / pharmacology
Bone Remodeling / drug effects
Cardiovascular Agents / pharmacology
Central Nervous System Agents / pharmacology
Drug Design*
Glaucoma / drug therapy
Herbicides / pharmacology
Humans
Molecular Structure
Patents as Topic*
Structure-Activity Relationship
Sulfonamides / chemistry,  pharmacology*,  therapeutic use
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Inflammatory Agents; 0/Antineoplastic Agents; 0/Antiviral Agents; 0/Cardiovascular Agents; 0/Central Nervous System Agents; 0/Herbicides; 0/Sulfonamides

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