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Seasonal variations of water column nutrients in the inner area of Ariake Bay, Japan: the role of muddy sediments.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23325314     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To investigate seasonal variations of nutrient distribution in the mudflat-shallow water system, we conducted field surveys once a month from August 2007 to July 2008 in the inner area of Ariake Bay (IAB), Japan. The NH(4) (+)-N concentration of the water column increased in autumn because of the high NH(4) (+) release from the sediments, ranging from 850 to 3,001 μmol m(-2) day(-1). The NO(3) (-)-N concentration was maximal in January, which was thought to be caused by NO(3) (-) release from the oxic sediments and by NO(3) (-) regeneration due to water column nitrification. The PO(4) (3-)-P concentration of the water column was high in summer-autumn due to the high PO(4) (3-) release from the reduced sediments, ranging from 22 to 164 μmol m(-2) day(-1). We estimated the total amounts of DIN and PO(4) (3-)-P release (R (DIN) and [Formula: see text], respectively) from the muddy sediment area of the IAB. In summer-autumn, R (DIN) and [Formula: see text] corresponded to about 47.7 % of DIN input and about 116.6 % of PO(4) (3-)-P input from the river, respectively. Thus, we concluded that the muddy sediments were an important source of nutrients for the water column of the IAB during summer-autumn. In addition, we found that phosphorus necessary for the growth of Porphyra (Porphyra yezoensis, Rhodophyceae) would be insufficient in the water column when phosphorus during the Porphyra aquaculture period is supplied only from the river. Therefore, the phosphorus release from the muddy sediments was thought to play an important role in the sustainable production of Porphyra in Ariake Bay.
Authors:
Masumi Koriyama; Yuichi Hayami; Akane Koga; Koichi Yamamoto; Alim Isnasetyo; Takaharu Hamada; Kenji Yoshino; Toshiya Katano; Soichi Yamaguchi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental monitoring and assessment     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-2959     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ Monit Assess     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8508350     Medline TA:  Environ Monit Assess     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Faculty of Agriculture, Saga University, 1 Honjo-machi, Saga, 840-8502, Japan, kooriyam@cc.saga-u.ac.jp.
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