Document Detail


Seasonal variation in the chemical composition of the bioenergy feedstock Laminaria digitata for thermochemical conversion.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20685112     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To avoid negative impacts on food production, novel non-food biofuel feedstocks need to be identified and utilised. One option is to utilise marine biomass, notably fast-growing, large marine 'plants' such as the macroalgal kelps. This paper reports on the changing composition of Laminaria digitata throughout it growth cycle as determined by new technologies. The potential of Laminaria sp. as a feedstock for biofuel production and future biorefining possibilities was assessed through proximate and ultimate analysis, initial pyrolysis rates using thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA), metals content and pyrolysis gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Samples harvested in March contained the lowest proportion of carbohydrate and the highest ash and alkali metal content, whereas samples harvested in July contained the highest proportions of carbohydrate, lowest alkali metals and ash content. July was therefore considered the most suitable month for harvesting kelp biomass for thermochemical conversion to biofuels.
Authors:
J M M Adams; A B Ross; K Anastasakis; E M Hodgson; J A Gallagher; J M Jones; I S Donnison
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-08-03
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bioresource technology     Volume:  102     ISSN:  1873-2976     ISO Abbreviation:  Bioresour. Technol.     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-04     Completed Date:  2011-02-28     Revised Date:  2014-10-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9889523     Medline TA:  Bioresour Technol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  226-34     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animal Feed / analysis*
Bioelectric Energy Sources
Biofuels
Biomass
Biotechnology / methods*
Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
Kelp / growth & development
Laminaria / growth & development*
Metals / analysis
Seasons*
Seawater / analysis
Thermogravimetry
Time Factors
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
BBS/E/W/00003134E//Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Biofuels; 0/Metals

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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