Document Detail


Seasonal and annual variation of antibody to HIV-1 among male inmates entering Maryland prisons: update.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2350455     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Previous serosurveys of antibody to HIV-1 among incoming male inmates in Maryland between April and June of 1985, 1986 and 1987 have shown a prevalence of 7.0, 7.7 and 7.0%, respectively, with stability persisting after multivariate adjustment. To investigate seasonality and update annual trends, excess sera were obtained from incoming male inmates between August 1987 and August 1988. Correctional personnel also provided demographic variables of age, race, offense, category, and jurisdiction. Once rendered anonymous, specimens were assayed for antibody to HIV-1 using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and Western blot. For the 12-month study period, 415 (7.9%) of 5262 consecutive male entrants were seropositive. On univariate and multivariate analyses, no significant change in seroprevalence or risk by subgroup was noted by month or season. For data from April to June 1988, 113 (8.1%) of 1398 consecutive entrants demonstrated anti-HIV-1; seropositivity was associated with age greater than 25 years, Black race, and Baltimore jurisdiction. No significant change was found over time in seroprevalence or risk of HIV-1 infection by subgroup in multivariate analysis combining data for 1985-1988. These data provide additional evidence to suggest stability of HIV-1 seroprevalence in Maryland male prison entrants.
Authors:
D Vlahov; A Muñoz; F Brewer; E Taylor; C Canner; B F Polk
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  AIDS (London, England)     Volume:  4     ISSN:  0269-9370     ISO Abbreviation:  AIDS     Publication Date:  1990 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-07-19     Completed Date:  1990-07-19     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8710219     Medline TA:  AIDS     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  345-50     Citation Subset:  IM; X    
Affiliation:
Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health Baltimore, Maryland.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / epidemiology*,  immunology
Adult
African Americans
District of Columbia / epidemiology
Forecasting
HIV Antibodies / analysis*
HIV Seropositivity / epidemiology,  immunology
HIV Seroprevalence
Health Planning Organizations / trends*
Hispanic Americans
Humans
Male
Maryland
Multivariate Analysis
Periodicity*
Prisoners*
Seasons*
State Health Planning and Development Agencies / trends*
Substance Abuse, Intravenous
United States
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
DA 04323/DA/NIDA NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/HIV Antibodies

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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