Document Detail


Season of birth and substance abuse: findings from a large national sample.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10888064     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Season of birth is a putative etiological factor for several psychiatric illnesses. An excess of late winter and early spring births has been demonstrated repeatedly for schizophrenia, which has usually been interpreted as the result of prenatal or infant exposure to seasonally mediated "harmful effects," such as infectious diseases. This study determined whether the seasonal birth rates of substance abusers differed from those of unaffected control groups. METHODS: The 1992 National Longitudinal Alcohol Epidemiologic Survey, an interview-based study of 42,862 men and women, provided data to assess the association between quarter year of birth and lifetime diagnoses of substance abuse. RESULTS: Logistic regression revealed decreases in winter births in men with histories of alcohol dependence. The significant interaction of sex with season of birth reflected an excess of fall births among male but not female alcoholics. In contrast, there was no evidence of seasonality of birth among alcohol abusers. Men and women with histories of illicit drug use had excesses of fall birth. DISCUSSION: Birth rates of men with past or present alcohol dependence, and of men and women with histories of illicit drug use, implicated seasonal factors in the pathogenesis of substance abuse. The similar birth patterns of illicit drug users and male alcoholics suggest that they may share some common etiological factor, such as seasonal effects on environmental temperature, hormonal function, or susceptibility to viral infection during pregnancy or early infancy.
Authors:
A E Goldberg; D B Newlin
Related Documents :
18532954 - Pregnancy-related changes in tobacco, alcohol and cannabis use reported by antenatal pa...
20145684 - Maternal alcohol use before and during pregnancy among women in taranaki, new zealand.
19064364 - Arsenic exposure through drinking water and its effect on pregnancy outcome in bengali ...
18049214 - Lauriston s. taylor lecture: fifty years of scientific research: the importance of scho...
15848124 - Monitoring pulse oximetry via radiotelemetry in freely-moving lambs.
11304604 - Discoidin domain receptors and their ligand, collagen, are temporally regulated in feta...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0145-6008     ISO Abbreviation:  Alcohol. Clin. Exp. Res.     Publication Date:  2000 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-11-07     Completed Date:  2000-11-07     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7707242     Medline TA:  Alcohol Clin Exp Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  774-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University of Massachusetts-Amherst, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Alcoholism / epidemiology
Birth Rate*
Chi-Square Distribution
Confidence Intervals
Data Collection
Female
Humans
Logistic Models
Male
Pregnancy
Seasons*
Sex Factors
Substance-Related Disorders / epidemiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  A new assessment of the ability of oral ethanol to function as a reinforcing stimulus.
Next Document:  Dissociation between the time course of ethanol and extracellular dopamine concentrations in the nuc...