Document Detail


Seagrasses in tropical Australia, productive and abundant for decades decimated overnight.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23385823     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Seagrass ecosystems provide unique coastal habitats critical to the life cycle of many species. Seagrasses are a major store of organic carbon. While seagrasses are globally threatened and in decline, in Cairns Harbour, Queensland, on the tropical east coast of Australia, they have flourished. We assessed seagrass distribution in Cairns Harbour between 1953 and 2012 from historical aerial photographs, Google map satellite images, existing reports and our own surveys of their distribution. Seasonal seagrass physiology was assessed through gross primary production, respiration and photosynthetic characteristics of three seagrass species, Cymodocea serrulata, Thalassia hemprichii and Zostera muelleri. At the higher water temperatures of summer, respiration rates increased in all three species, as did their maximum rates of photosynthesis. All three seagrasses achieved maximum rates of photosynthesis at low tide and when they were exposed. For nearly six decades there was little change in seagrass distribution in Cairns Harbour. This was most likely because the seagrasses were able to achieve sufficient light for growth during intertidal and low tide periods. With historical data of seagrass distribution and measures of species production and respiration, could seagrass survival in a changing climate be predicted? Based on physiology, our results predicted the continued maintenance of the Cairns Harbour seagrasses, although one species was more susceptible to thermal disturbance. However, in 2011 an unforeseen episodic disturbance - Tropical Cyclone Yasi - and associated floods lead to the complete and catastrophic loss of all the seagrasses in Cairns Harbour.
Authors:
Peter C Pollard; Margaret Greenway
Related Documents :
23148323 - Processing of plant microrna precursors.
22013203 - Scurvy and cloudberries: a chapter in the history of nutritional sciences.
20701623 - The plant pathogen pseudomonas fuscovaginae contains two conserved quorum sensing syste...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of biosciences     Volume:  38     ISSN:  0973-7138     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Biosci.     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-06     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8100809     Medline TA:  J Biosci     Country:  India    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  157-66     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Australian Rivers Institute, Griffith University, Nathan campus Q. 4111 Australia.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Rhamnolipid but not motility is associated with the initiation of biofilm seeding dispersal of Pseud...
Next Document:  Excised radicle tips as a source of genomic DNA for PCR-based genotyping and melting curve analysis ...